Near Field Communication (NFC) is the standard for short distance contactless data exchange.
Components using this technology need to be designed according to ISO/IEC 14443 (proximity) or ISO/IEC 15693 (vicinity).
NFC is mainly used in tags, contactless cards, and smartphones for the purpose of authentication, identification, access control, ticketing, and payment.
These applications take place in a security-relevant environment and need to be based on comprehensively tested components.
The communication standards for NFC-enabled devices like smartphones, NFC tags, banking cards, smart posters, and NFC readers
have been defined by ISO/IEC, NFC Forum, EMVCo, and GSMA on different levels.
Every component manufacturer faces the task of assuring the correct implementation.